What is CBD?
The Cannabis plant species contains 100+, naturally occuring, active compounds called cannabinoids. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of these compounds found in all cannabis plant species. Cannabis sativa L species are seperated into two groups, known as Hemp and Marijuana. Both groups can be used to make cannabidiol. These plants differ in their cannabinoid properties, with marijuana having much higher ratios of the cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is well-known, and is associated with marijuana’s psychoactive properties. The tall, stalky, and thin hemp plant however has much lower concentrations of THC, and higher ratios of CBD, and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBC, and CBN. Unlike the cannabinoid THC, Cannabidiol (CBD) does not have any psychoactive properties, while still offering many benefits and forms of relief.
Get Your Endocannabinoid System on Track
Every human being and vertebrate animal on earth has what is called the endocannabinoid (ECS) system. It is a collection of brain cell receptors and the matching molecules in the body. The system helps regulate sleep, appetite, mood, pain, reproduction, fertility, as well as, memory and temperature regulation. Endocannabinoids are the molecules in the body that send messages to the cell receptors and tell the body to do certain things. We all have natural occurring endocannabinoids within our bodies from consuming foods with fatty acids. The 100+ cannabinoids in the hemp plant can bind to your cannabinoid receptors as well. Although different cannabinoids (such as CBD and THC) have very different effects, it is all throughout the endocannabinoid system. With this being said, the molecules found in the cannabis plant species can aide in the human body’s ECS system, which is responsible for many important functions.
So How is CBD Made?
Cannabidiol (CBD) can be extracted from any cannabis plant species, but most often is done from the stalks, stem, and flowers of industrial hemp plants. Industrial hemp plants are cannabis plants with 0.3% THC or less, under federal law. Once cultivated the industrial hemp plants are harvested, and brought to an extraction facility.
When talking about extraction, there are many different methods, although we will cover the two main methods of extracting CBD for human consumption, which are CO2 extraction and ethanol extraction. CO2 extraction, popular for small quanities, involves filtering the plant matter through a continuation of chambers that control temperature and pressure. With different temperatures and pressures applied, this extraction method can isolate Cannabidiol (CBD) and the other cannabinoids at over 90% efficiency. The CO2 method is also one of the cleanest and expensive forms of extraction. Ethanol extraction involves introducing the plants to ethanol to seperate and isolate cannabinoids. This method can be used to produce large amounts of isolated cannabinoids but runs the risk of leftover solvent still being in the end product if not done properly. There are pros and cons to each method leaving the extraction method totally up to the company. Our products at Kh8 Organics use a small batch CO2 extraction method, allowing us to preserve the cannabinoid and terpene profiles to achieve our potency and purity standards.
Once the cannabidiol (CBD), or full or broad spectrum blend is extracted it the goes through an additional step called “chromatography”. Which is the step where any and all unwanted plant phytochemicals such as chlorophyll are removed. When chromatography media is introduced cannabinoids like CBD have a strong interaction to it, while unwanted materials have a much weaker interaction. Once divided, cannabidiol and other terpenes can be isolated, while the unwanted material is thrown out.
Most CBD oil products will undergo a final process after this called decarboxylation. This is when the cannabidiol is heated into a form that allows them to immediately make an impact on your endocannabinoid system, making the products more usable and effective throughout the body. After this step the oil can be consumed right away, but it will not have a pleasurable taste. This is why you will see most ingestible products being mixed with a carrier oil such as peppermint or coconut, in a capsule or edible form, and hardened into an isolate form for consumer use.
Methods of Using CBD
There are multiple different ways to incorporate CBD into your lifestyle, including but not limited to; smoking, vaping, using topical products, tinctures, oral sprays, edibles and more. Here are some of the most common ways to use CBD.
Sublingual tinctures are a very common way to ingest CBD because of their ease of consumption, accurate dosaging, quality, and effectiveness. Sublingual administration requires the consumer to hold drops of the tincture under the tongue, by the sublingual gland, several seconds before swallowing. This method is the second fastest form of consumption behind vaping or dabbing. Tinctures with MCT oil used as the carrier oil are not meant to be vaped.
For customers unwilling and unable to bear the taste of CBD oils, capsule form can be a great alternative. Accurate dosages and ease of consumption are also reasons to take a look at capsules.
Topical salves and balms are unique in the fact that they can be applied to a specific area of the body. Also the CBD can be mixed with essential oils and nutrients such as lavender, tea tree, vitamin E, shae butter, aloe and more. Topicals can deliver CBD relief to the area where applied along with more helpful benefits from the other added items on the ingredients list.
Cannabidiol (CBD) isolate powder can be orally ingested or dabbed. You may also heat up your favorite vape juice that uses VG or PG, and add it to make your own CBD vape juice. Isolate powder is also great for cooking because its odorless, tasteless, and fat soluable. Easily added to coconut oil, olive oil, honey, and butter. Once infused these products can be used to cook with. Infused honey or agave nectar can be added to coffee or tea.
Don’t forget! Your furry loved ones also have an endocannabinoid system as well. Of course infused treats are the most common method to give to your pet the benefits of CBD. Although there are also moisturizing shampoos, and pet-friendly dosed tinctures available on the market.
Full Spectrum, Terpenes, and the “Entourage Effect”
When Cannabidiol products are referred to as full spectrum hemp or “whole” plant extracts, this means that the product contains CBD and all the other cannabinoids found in the plant including CBG (Cannabigerol), CBN (Cannabinol), and THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) just to name a few. Also, along with these, full spectrum products contain trace amounts of THC in very low concentrations of (up to 0.3%), resulting in no psychoactive stimulation (No “high” feeling). CBD isolate products, on the other hand, contain the purified and isolated CBD cannabinioid only.
Terpenes are another element found in a full spectrum product. They are a very large and diverse class of organic molecules that are present in hemp and many species of plants. Terpenes account for the various aromas and flavors produced by the essential oils of the plant. Terpenes can induce certain effects on the body that vary depending on the type, providing their own independent benefits and advantages in full spectrum products. When combined with all cannabinoids, terpenes work together to produce an array of effects and helpful benefits known as the “entourage effect”. Some of the terpenes found in hemp are Linalool (also found in lavender), Limonene (also found in citrus), and Myrcene (also found in hops). These terpenes can be individually researched for further information on what health benefits they can offer.
While full spectrum CBD products have proven to be more effective and give relief in a wider variety of ailments, it does not take away from the effectiveness of CBD isolate products. There are multiple situations when isolate products would be preferred over full spectrum. For example, you may not need all of the capabilities of full spectrum CBD, you may want to boost your tincture dosage, or you may desire a product with absolutely 0% THC. You may also find products in the industry that are labeled as “broad spectrum” products. These usually have all terpenes, and cannabinoids, only excluding the THC cannabinoid.
Dosage and Drug Interactions
Although we will not advise you on personal milligram dosage amounts; everyone is made up differently, and it is your personal preference to determine what feels right for you.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is known to interact with some prescribed blood thinner medications on the market. We would suggest contacting your physician that prescribes any medication to you with further questions, before consuming any CBD products.
Will CBD Make You Fail a Drug Screen?
Cannabidiol (CBD) itself is not a substance tested for on a standard drug analysis. KH8 Organics CBD isolate powder and similar crystalized slab isolates on the market contain pure cannabidiol with zero percent THC, as it is the single cannabinoid CBD in an isolated form. There are also other types of products in the industry labeled as “CBD-only” or “THC-free” that claim to contain 0% THC. Be sure to seek out proper documentation (lab test results) for these claims if consuming these products with a drug screen being a concern.
As mentioned on this page above full spectrum products contain full plant terpenes and all cannabinoids. KH8 Organics full spectrum CBD tinctures, lip/body balm, and Awesome Sauce salve all contain below 0.3%THC, as required by federal law. With this being said taking enough of a full spectrum product, over time, probably could result in a positive drug screen for THC.
Unfortunately, due to the amount of variables on dosage, and individual human differences, we are unable to advise you further on this topic.